Sunday night and Monday morning (July 9-10) I visited Gatlinburg, TN. A huge wildfire took place on the mountains slopes surrounding the town in late November, 2016 (as detailed in an earlier post here May 24).
The town is encased on the western side of Great Smokey Mountains National Park, and you drive 5 miles of parkway from Pigeon Forge to get there.
The town seemed quite lively at night, with its theme park atmosphere. 10 miles to the S, Pigeon Forge has the appearance of a small Las Vegas, with a Titanic exhibit, upside down office building, and Hollywood replica. That town was somewhat affected.
During the day Monday I took the chairlift ride and could see much more of the damage on the mountain slopes, including mountain homes that burned. But it is true that the community is unusual in its direct exposure to possible wildfire, so building there entails some risk.
I do think that climate change has made the ferocity of the fire more likely.
I didn’t get to the “Road to Nowhere” W of Asheville (on the east side of the mountains) but I encountered two short curved tunnels, each about 1/3 mile long (without elevation drainage like PA Turnpike has) on I-40 going Eastbound to Asheville. This is a road to “somewhere” indeed. The curve is to the left driving East. There is a campground “Harmon’s Den” Indeed, Richard Harmon is the greatest of all time.
Today, I drove up Rt 16 from Emmitsburg MD toward Waynesboro PA. About two miles east of the little town of Blue Ridge Summit (at about 1300 ft) there is a cross street called Harbaugh Valley Road. If you turn south, toward the MD line, you will drive past the razor-wire fence boundary of the Raven Rock Mountain Complex, a US government doomsday shelter property similar to Mt Weather in VA, and similar in purpose to the Greenrbrier bunker under the Greenbrier Hotel in White Sulphur Springs W Va, which I visited in 1997 before moving to MN. That facility was built in the 1950s but never used.
You can see a yellow gate (the top of it) from one of the side streets.
As you drive East on 16, you come to Old Waynesboro Road, going off diagonally to the north. You can see a small structure on the mountain to the south that may be related to the tunneling. You’re supposed to be able to see something from Jack Mountain road, but I did not.
The side roads are not marked very well, which seems intentional.
In case of a nuclear attack, only government officials and Congress could go. Families are not included. This sounds like a place for ABC’s “Designated Survivor” series.
Although I have attended many July 4 Mall events in Washington DC, I had never attended a Memorial Day Concert.
Two of the early speakers, including an actor, described the Doolittle Raid following Pearl Harbor, flying over Japan and landing in China. That was the topic of the 2001 film “Pearl Harbor” with Josh Hartnett and Ben Affeck (directed Michael Bay). I saw it in Minneapolis, but it was shown when I was working as a substitute teacher, so I saw the raid twice.
Another speaker talked about recovering from traumatic brain injury and leg amputations from an IUS in Iraq. He said he had undergone over 70 surgeries. His wife had been by his side. I can not imagine myself in an intimate relationship that carries through something like this. The call it necessary resilience.
Another speaker spoke about the Tuskegee airmen (the movie “Red Tails”, 2012, directed Anthony Hemmingway, with Cuba Gooding)).
Renee Flemming led a singing of “God Bless America”, a favorite of Ronald Reagan, and even Kate Smith back in the 1950s.
The National Symphony Orchestra played a march called “Commemoration” by Robert Wendell.
5 Colin Powell calls for volunteers to help wounded veterans as a moral duty (Powell (author of “My American Dream“), as JCS Chairman had opposed Bill Clinton’s lifting the ban on gays in the military in 1993, but gradually changed his views, winding up with “don’t ask don’t tell” which would be repealed under Obama in 2010-2011.)
I need to get down to this area to see it for myself, but it does look like Gatlinburg TN and Pigeon Forge TN have made robust recoveries from the November 2017 fires. Gatlinburg reopened on Dec. 9, 2016. A lot of volunteerism was involved, even though this was “other people’s fault” (CNN story ).
Here are a few videos:
5 (Pigeon Forge)
I drove through Gatlinburg (down 441 on from the pass through the Smokies, 5000+ feet elevation) in the evening of July 16, 2013 on the way to Oak Ridge, to take the energy facility tour. The town was very crowded and I didn’t stop for pictures.
Update: June 30, 2017
Prosecutors have decided they do not have enough evidence against the teens in the CNN story to successfully prosecute them for causing the wildfire and have dropped charges. Wind conditions, drought, and slow response were major contributing factors.
(Posted: Wednesday, May 24, 2017 at 8:45 PM EDT)
Update: July 6, 2007
Here is some new dashcam video from the fire.
Source: WATE in Gatlinburg (http://wate.com/2017/07/06/gatlinburg-business-owner-retraces-steps-night-of-wildfires/).
I attended the March for Science in Washington DC today, and did the March down Constitution Ave as far as 10th Street. Note even the first picture above, “Truth” is part of the “eternal feminine” in the Paul Rosenfels polarity system for personal psychological growth. But this today is about policy.
When I arrived, I found a line, which I had thought was for the March itself. I hiked around some fences and paths to get to 17th St, on the Monument grounds, and found that the line was really set up to enter the grounds. There were only two checkpoints, and the line did get moving. At first I wondered if the low number of checkpoints was a way to keep the size down and reduce the political visibility of the march.
But after about an hour I finally made it to the entry point, and found they were only checking backpacks. The crowd was huge.
1a the line
2 waiting in line still
3 — the speaker says, get over aversion to politics and asking for money
4 Rejection of the idea of alternative facts, and that policy must always be based on real facts; this does not trample on the personal experience of religion.
or “peer review”
I found later that someone made a sign of Jack Andraka’s book (“Breakthough“) quote “Science shouldn’t be a luxury, knowledge shouldn’t be a commodty“.
I have thought that there ought to be a documentary film about the Open Access issue, and that I could add something to it.
But I would be able to add more to it if the concept were expanded to cover the entire topic of “Free Content”, which has become a practical expectation for consumers and speakers since the mid 1990s with the Internet, especially with the development of modern social media.
I think this concept would work better as a cable series for a channel like Discovery on A&E or even HBO.
So I have to narrow down the concept and unify it.
Back around 2012, Reid Ewing had produced a web series of three videos with Igigi Studios called “Reiding”, with the three films called “It’s Free”, “Free Fish”, and “I’m Free”. I don’t know why they are not available now. But the first of the films was set in a public library and set up the exploration of the question “What in life is free?” It would be possible (after negotiating copyright licenses) to introduce the series with these films, of at least the first one.
The very existence of public libraries suggests that we think some basic knowledge should be “free”. That extends to the idea that public education should be offered to all minors (even immigrants), which is controversial with some conservatives. But even the idea of school choice could be seen as ratifying the idea of education as a basic human right (so that’s one episode).
I think a good title for this series, then. Should be “What in Life Is Free?”
We also have to contend with the way people are used to getting knowledge. It has typically been passed down through familial (often patriarchal), religious, and political hierarchies. The use of propaganda by authoritarian leaders (which Vladimir Putin openly admits in defending Russia’s 2013 anti-gay “propaganda” law) presumes that the public and the masses aren’t capable of discerning “truth” for themselves. The use of religious scriptures, and the objection of religious leaders to challenges to interpretation of scripture, dates from a time when science could not explain a lot of things and when people depended on a “priesthood” to get knowledge for them from “God”.
I experienced some of this pressure as a young boy, when I would challenge my father’s authority based on things I had read, even in reference books lying around the house (like on medicine). I started to question why boys had to do dangerous and risky things. My father would complain “you read”.
Yet, a lot of this reference information was sold in a conventional way, through middlemen. We bought our set of World Book Encyclopedias, in 1950, from a door-to-door salesman (remember those colorful state relief maps, no longer published). Later, when I was taking piano, we bought a Sherwood Music School course from a similar salesman.
My own narrative fits in best here, because the availability of “free knowledge” increased with the evolution of self-publishing.
Here would fit the entire narrative of the self-publication of my first “Do Ask Do Tell” book (in 1997), originally motivated by the lowering cost of desk-top publishing (book self-publishing through “subsidy publishers” had been known since the early 1970s but had been a very expensive and usually not successful process). I would start placing my content online, and by mid 1998 I was “competing with myself” by offering the book free in simple HTML online.
I did sell out my first printing, and went to POD (print on demand) publishing (with iUniverse) in 2000. But it was the online availability, for free, that allowed me to become known and for my own unique arguments on how to deal with the ban on gays in the military (“don’t ask don’t tell”) to become effective in the growing debate. It was the way search engines (not just Google) worked, at the time giving advantage to very simple sites like mine, that became relevant.
Eventually, years later, I would be pestered by my self-publishing companies about actually getting serious about selling books in physical stores (helping people keep their jobs, Trump-like) or directly from me, rather than just through Amazon and BN online (including just from Kindle and Nook).
Several legal developments had the potential to affect self-publishing in this mode. The first was the Communications Decency Act, or Telecommunications Act of 1996. The controversial censorship sections were struck down in 1997, but one portion, Section 230, actually helped the Internet along by shielding Internet service providers (and later publishing platforms) from potential secondary liability.
Congress would try to pass a more “acceptable” censorship bill with the Child Online Protection Act of 1998 (COPA). Working through Electronic Frontier Foundation, I became a plaintiff challenging it; eventually prevailing (after two Supreme Court cycles) in 2007 in a trial for merit in Philadelphia.
In the meantime, a parallel concern over copyright infringement followed the Digital Millennium Copyright Act of 1998, with the safe harbor provision that protected intermediaries (in 230-like fashion) from downstream liability for copyright-related accusations.
I developed an online presence in concentric fashion, covering most policy topics from a libertarian perspective, with simple HTML and free search engine exposure (indeed, to quote Reid Ewing, “It’s free!, it’s free!”)
Important concepts along the way were how web hosting companies work, and how domain name assignment works.
Legal risks for speakers include possible frivolous litigation: SLAPP suits (strategic lawsuits against pubic participation), which can cause the speaker to spend money defending the self against vindictive claims; copyright trolls (like Righthaven), and possibly trademark litigation over domain names (which is not the same problem as patent trolls).
A major development in the “free content” model was modern social media. Originally email list servers had served a social media function in the 90s, but then came Myspace, and then Facebook (with Instagram) and then Twitter. Originally social media (with the idea of “friends” and then “followers”) was intended to build somewhat closed social circles online, but gradually some of them migrated to alternative blogging platforms with news aggregation, morphing eventually into the “fake news” area where some people tend to receive only news that fits their own bubbles.
Blogging platforms (like Blogger and WordPress) were somewhat intermediate, first emphasizing the idea of “followers” but gradually (especially WordPress) migrating into content management systems.
On the other hand, some social media services tended to facilitate harmful and dangerous exploits. These included not only conventional viruses and scams (like phishing) through older email platforms, but also cyberbullying and child pornography distribution, and even terrorist recruiting. But most of the terror recruiting followup occurs on “the dark web” in encrypted fashion on offshore servers, away from the reach of common user-friendly social media. In the days right after 9/11, there was also fear that amateur sites could be hacked by terrorists to spread messages through steganography.
Small businesses, especially “bricks and mortar”, giving personal services (especially contractors), and even some medical providers, would rebel against consumer review sites for unfavorable reviews, as driving them out of business. Individual consumers would be hit with frivolous suits, although the review sites were protected by Section 230.
A related development all these years (from about 1996 to now) was the gradual evolution of network neutrality. The concept was arguably necessary to prevent telecommunications companies from charging some content publishers more than others to be hooked up to their networks. In practice, the hookup has always been “it’s free”, even for amateurs. Trump’s new FCC chairman could undo network neutrality practices put in by the Obama administration in 2014, but it’s unclear how much difference this would make. Are “fast lanes” like “toll lanes” on Interstate highways?
The logical outcome of what I had developed was free web references, most of all Wikipedia, which was created in January 2001. The documentary could examine how “volunteer” and “amateur” writers and editors can provide a reliable “free” online encyclopedia (which does not allow advertising but which does ask for contributions An important concept in Wikipedia is “notability”: how does one properly get a page created to make oneself known.
Other competing “compendiums” were proposed, which would require more peer review before publishing. Encyclopedia companies had to fight back.
In parallel came the development of “open source” software, even including the browser Mozilla.
The most “publicized” controversy in the “free content” area would occur with what we call “open access” This development focused mainly on peer-reviewed science and medical (and sometimes social science) journals, compared to the amateur, non peer-reviewed content covered so far.
The most famous case, of course, is the tragic history of Aaron Swartz (the film “The Internet’s Own Boy”). Aaron’s “career” had started with an attempt to make PACER court documents, which arguably should be free and public domain anyway,, but then exploded when he downloaded illegally some JSTOR server documents.
Science journals were built around a business model of high subscription prices. It has gotten to the point that university libraries can’t afford all of them. Recently, some government agencies, like NIH, have enforced agreements requiring release of peer-reviewed papers to public domain after about one year. It’s unclear if this would continue under Trump. Likewise, some foundations (as with Bill Gates) require open access.
Younger scientists need access to peer reviewed science documents. Jack Andraka, who developed an inexpensive pancreatic cancer blood marker test for a science fair, has written about the problem. Although he could arguably have gotten a subscription through a university (like Maryland), he argues there is a catch 22: he could not have gotten far enough in his early research to convince a university to give him one, without open access.
Overseas, Alexandra Elbakyan (from Kazakhstan) would start “Sci-Hub”, as a compendium of papers, and attract litigation.
I’ve covered the Open Acesss issue on a legacy blog here. See especially April 2, 2015 (Jack’s toga Ted talk), Here’s another account of Jack’s arguments.
Does the “Tragedy of the Commons” apply to Open Access? Not really.
Another controversy in the “free content” area is the hard times that newspapers have find competing online, especially keeping print profitable Paywalls are conceptually the same devices that science journals use, but for ordinary news content are normally much cheaper.
Many newspapers have gone to paywalls for their online subscriptions, and this idea is catching on with more local papers, which would make local news harder to get. However broadcast networks and news sites have generally remained free and depending on advertising.
Over time, consumers have often become irritated at online advertising, and have installed “do not track” tools, which often come free by default with modern browsers. Many consumers click less often on ads than they used to, which would make one wonder about the ad-based business model (derived from broadcast network television) which made so much free content – most of all user-generated content — possible.
Still another controversy has played out more in Europe than in the U.S. – “the right to be forgotten”. Since news stories about obscure people remain indexed online, people have claimed the right to demand that search engines remove these references after a certain amount of time, to avoid trivial small incidents from affecting their lives.
The “right to be forgotten” goes in hand with another concept called “online reputation”, which started to become trendy around 2006, with companies (like Reputation.com) offering to help people maintain their online impressions.
(Posted: Tuesday, February 14, 2017 at 5:30 PM EST)
Kristin Beck (author of “Warrior Princess” and subject of the CNN film “Lady Valor”) spoke tonight at the Christmas party for the Arlington Gay and Lesbian Alliance. I see that I have footage from her speaking to AGLA at the Arlington VA library Nov. 25, 2014, too.
Here are the clips. I have to admit my attempt to wide-screen them on the cell phone backfired. Later I’ll figure out how to rotate them in the embed statement. For now, just play in YouTube and rotate the smartphone 90 degrees/
(Posted: Tuesday, December 13, 2016 at 9:30 PM EST)
It started with a chain dance, not exactly a Virginia Reel from the old days of straight singles clubs. Before, a couple of brothers played a game of mistaken identity on Capitol Hill.
Then Colin Powell gave a speech appealing for the USO, which entertains troops, often at some sacrifice by performers. Now the USO comes up in the 1999 film “Southpark” when “Big Gay Al” mentions it (before blaming Canada); he made an allusion to my book and the military DADT at the time. In fact, Powell, as Chariman JCS, first opposed President Clinton’s 1993 plan to lift the military ban on gays, but gradually accepted “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell, Don’t Pursue” which Clinton announced July 19 that year at Ft. McNair.
Besides the closing of the Tchaikovsky 1812 Overture, the National Symphony played the “Liberty Fanfare” by John Williams: Two brief clips (the second is the ending)
(Posted: Monday, July 4, 2016 at 11:45 PM EDT)
Also: Fort McNair in Washington DC (site of Clinton’s DADTDP speech)
On Wednesday, May 18, I attended an event at the Cato Institute in Washington DC, “Is ISIS Economically and Socially Stable? Speakers included Howard J. Schatz and Jacob Shapiro. This does sound like an understated title for a foreign policy forum.
I have a writeup on Blogger here but I wanted to share a few brief clips (max length 95 seconds) of the Question and Answer section. I’ll embed the two most important.
Clip 6 makes the libertarian case that if a radical or violent or authoritarian movement fails suddenly or catastrophically on its own (like the Soviet Union) then others will be deterred from trying the same experiment in the future
Clip 7 answers my own question about homeland security.