Cato holds forum on Trump’s energy policy

The Cato Institute held a forum today, “Trump’s Energy Policy: Promise or Peril“.

The panel comprised Peter Russo moderating, with Robert L. Bradley. CEO and founder, Institute for Energy Research; Adele Morris, Senior Fellow and Policy Director at the Brookings Institute, and Catrina Rorke, Senior Fellow and Policy Director, R Street Institute.

1  The first two clips are in response to my question on proposals by Taylor Wilson and others to decentralize power grids to make them more secure from terror attacks and solar storms.  The market mechanisms provide little support for what some homeland security analysts view as necessary.  I did mention his idea for small underground fission reactors, but there was no reaction.

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(Posted: Wednesday, February 22, 2017 at 9:15 PM EST)

 

 

Proposed video series (for web or for cable): “What in Life Is (or Should Be) Free”?

I have thought that there ought to be a documentary film about the Open Access issue, and that I could add something to it.

But I would be able to add more to it if the concept were expanded to cover the entire topic of “Free Content”, which has become a practical expectation for consumers and speakers since the mid 1990s with the Internet, especially with the development of modern social media.

I think this concept would work better as a cable series for a channel like Discovery on A&E or even HBO.

So I have to narrow down the concept and unify it.

Part 1

Back around 2012, Reid Ewing had produced a web series of three videos with Igigi Studios called “Reiding”, with the three films called “It’s Free”, “Free Fish”, and “I’m Free”. I don’t know why they are not available now. But the first of the films was set in a public library and set up the exploration of the question “What in life is free?”   It would be possible (after negotiating copyright licenses) to introduce the series with these films, of at least the first one.

The very existence of public libraries suggests that we think some basic knowledge should be “free”. That extends to the idea that public education should be offered to all minors (even immigrants), which is controversial with some conservatives. But even the idea of school choice could be seen as ratifying the idea of education as a basic human right (so that’s one episode).

I think a good title for this series, then. Should be “What in Life Is Free?”

Part 2

We also have to contend with the way people are used to getting knowledge. It has typically been passed down through familial (often patriarchal), religious, and political hierarchies. The use of propaganda by authoritarian leaders (which Vladimir Putin openly admits in defending Russia’s 2013 anti-gay “propaganda” law) presumes that the public and the masses aren’t capable of discerning “truth” for themselves. The use of religious scriptures, and the objection of religious leaders to challenges to interpretation of scripture, dates from a time when science could not explain a lot of things and when people depended on a “priesthood” to get knowledge for them from “God”.

I experienced some of this pressure as a young boy, when I would challenge my father’s authority based on things I had read, even in reference books lying around the house (like on medicine). I started to question why boys had to do dangerous and risky things. My father would complain “you read”.

Yet, a lot of this reference information was sold in a conventional way, through middlemen. We bought our set of World Book Encyclopedias, in 1950, from a door-to-door salesman (remember those colorful state relief maps, no longer published). Later, when I was taking piano, we bought a Sherwood Music School course from a similar salesman.

Part 3

My own narrative fits in best here, because the availability of “free knowledge” increased with the evolution of self-publishing.

Here would fit the entire narrative of the self-publication of my first “Do Ask Do Tell” book (in 1997), originally motivated by the lowering cost of desk-top publishing (book self-publishing through “subsidy publishers” had been known since the early 1970s but had been a very expensive and usually not successful process). I would start placing my content online, and by mid 1998 I was “competing with myself” by offering the book free in simple HTML online.

I did sell out my first printing, and went to POD (print on demand) publishing (with iUniverse) in 2000. But it was the online availability, for free, that allowed me to become known and for my own unique arguments on how to deal with the ban on gays in the military (“don’t ask don’t tell”) to become effective in the growing debate. It was the way search engines (not just Google) worked, at the time giving advantage to very simple sites like mine, that became relevant.

Eventually, years later, I would be pestered by my self-publishing companies about actually getting serious about selling books in physical stores (helping people keep their jobs, Trump-like) or directly from me, rather than just through Amazon and BN online (including just from Kindle and Nook).

Part 4

Several legal developments had the potential to affect self-publishing in this mode. The first was the Communications Decency Act, or Telecommunications Act of 1996. The controversial censorship sections were struck down in 1997, but one portion, Section 230, actually helped the Internet along by shielding Internet service providers (and later publishing platforms) from potential secondary liability.

Congress would try to pass a more “acceptable” censorship bill with the Child Online Protection Act of 1998 (COPA). Working through Electronic Frontier Foundation, I became a plaintiff challenging it; eventually prevailing (after two Supreme Court cycles) in 2007 in a trial for merit in Philadelphia.

In the meantime, a parallel concern over copyright infringement followed the Digital Millennium Copyright Act of 1998, with the safe harbor provision that protected intermediaries (in 230-like fashion) from downstream liability for copyright-related accusations.

I developed an online presence in concentric fashion, covering most policy topics from a libertarian perspective, with simple HTML and free search engine exposure (indeed, to quote Reid Ewing, “It’s free!, it’s free!”)

Important concepts along the way were how web hosting companies work, and how domain name assignment works.

Legal risks for speakers include possible frivolous litigation: SLAPP suits (strategic lawsuits against pubic participation), which can cause the speaker to spend money defending the self against vindictive claims; copyright trolls (like Righthaven), and possibly trademark litigation over domain names (which is not the same problem as patent trolls).

Part 5

A major development in the “free content” model was modern social media. Originally email list servers had served a social media function in the 90s, but then came Myspace, and then Facebook (with Instagram) and then Twitter. Originally social media (with the idea of “friends” and then “followers”) was intended to build somewhat closed social circles online, but gradually some of them migrated to alternative blogging platforms with news aggregation, morphing eventually into the “fake news” area where some people tend to receive only news that fits their own bubbles.

Blogging platforms (like Blogger and WordPress) were somewhat intermediate, first emphasizing the idea of “followers” but gradually (especially WordPress) migrating into content management systems.

On the other hand, some social media services tended to facilitate harmful and dangerous exploits. These included not only conventional viruses and scams (like phishing) through older email platforms, but also cyberbullying and child pornography distribution, and even terrorist recruiting. But most of the terror recruiting followup occurs on “the dark web” in encrypted fashion on offshore servers, away from the reach of common user-friendly social media. In the days right after 9/11, there was also fear that amateur sites could be hacked by terrorists to spread messages through steganography.

Small businesses, especially “bricks and mortar”, giving personal services (especially contractors), and even some medical providers, would rebel against consumer review sites for unfavorable reviews, as driving them out of business.   Individual consumers would be hit with frivolous suits, although the review sites were protected by Section 230.

Part 6

A related development all these years (from about 1996 to now) was the gradual evolution of network neutrality. The concept was arguably necessary to prevent telecommunications companies from charging some content publishers more than others to be hooked up to their networks. In practice, the hookup has always been “it’s free”, even for amateurs. Trump’s new FCC chairman could undo network neutrality practices put in by the Obama administration in 2014, but it’s unclear how much difference this would make. Are “fast lanes” like “toll lanes” on Interstate highways?

Part 7

The logical outcome of what I had developed was free web references, most of all Wikipedia, which was created in January 2001. The documentary could examine how “volunteer” and “amateur” writers and editors can provide a reliable “free” online encyclopedia (which does not allow advertising but which does ask for contributions An important concept in Wikipedia is “notability”: how does one properly get a page created to make oneself known.

Other competing “compendiums” were proposed, which would require more peer review before publishing. Encyclopedia companies had to fight back.

In parallel came the development of “open source” software, even including the browser Mozilla.

Part 8

The most “publicized” controversy in the “free content” area would occur with what we call “open access”   This development focused mainly on peer-reviewed science and medical (and sometimes social science) journals, compared to the amateur, non peer-reviewed content covered so far.

The most famous case, of course, is the tragic history of Aaron Swartz (the film “The Internet’s Own Boy”). Aaron’s “career” had started with an attempt to make PACER court documents, which arguably should be free and public domain anyway,, but then exploded when he downloaded illegally some JSTOR server documents.

Science journals were built around a business model of high subscription prices. It has gotten to the point that university libraries can’t afford all of them. Recently, some government agencies, like NIH, have enforced agreements requiring release of peer-reviewed papers to public domain after about one year. It’s unclear if this would continue under Trump.   Likewise, some foundations (as with Bill Gates) require open access.

Younger scientists need access to peer reviewed science documents. Jack Andraka, who developed an inexpensive pancreatic cancer blood marker test for a science fair, has written about the problem. Although he could arguably have gotten a subscription through a university (like Maryland), he argues there is a catch 22: he could not have gotten far enough in his early research to convince a university to give him one, without open access.

Overseas, Alexandra Elbakyan (from Kazakhstan) would start “Sci-Hub”, as a compendium of papers, and attract litigation.

I’ve covered the Open Acesss issue on a legacy blog here.  See especially April 2, 2015 (Jack’s toga Ted talk),   Here’s another account of Jack’s arguments.

Does the “Tragedy of the Commons” apply to Open Access? Not really.

Part 9

Another controversy in the “free content” area is the hard times that newspapers have find competing online, especially keeping print profitable   Paywalls are conceptually the same devices that science journals use, but for ordinary news content are normally much cheaper.

Many newspapers have gone to paywalls for their online subscriptions, and this idea is catching on with more local papers, which would make local news harder to get. However broadcast networks and news sites have generally remained free and depending on advertising.

Over time, consumers have often become irritated at online advertising, and have installed “do not track” tools, which often come free by default with modern browsers. Many consumers click less often on ads than they used to, which would make one wonder about the ad-based business model (derived from broadcast network television) which made so much free content – most of all user-generated content — possible.

Part 10

Still another controversy has played out more in Europe than in the U.S. – “the right to be forgotten”. Since news stories about obscure people remain indexed online, people have claimed the right to demand that search engines remove these references after a certain amount of time, to avoid trivial small incidents from affecting their lives.

The “right to be forgotten” goes in hand with another concept called “online reputation”, which started to become trendy around 2006, with companies (like Reputation.com) offering to help people maintain their online impressions.

(Posted: Tuesday, February 14, 2017 at 5:30 PM EST)

Visit to Smithsonian Museum of African American History and Culture: Right after noon, I got in with no line

I rode in on the Orange Line, dealing with the mid-day single tracking, and got to the new Smithsonian Museum of African American History and Culture at 12:30 PM.  They gave me a pass and let me right in, just with the usual airport-style security.  This was a Tuesday, mid-week day.

I went to the top floors (emphasizing media) and then did the three lower levels (doing history from 1400 to present day), before a lunch. which is one of the most expensive cafeterias around, Manhattan prices ($33 for a meal).   Crowds were moderate.  Maybe 2/3 was African-American, and the white people tended to be college age young adults (one I recognized).

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There was a mural with video clippings, called “Question Bridge: Black Men”. The men discussed why there is social pressure on young black men not to do well in school, and that being smart is “gay”. I think that’s a compliment.

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(Published: Tuesday, February 7, 2017 at 6 PM EST)

Outdoor view:

Another pic:

looks like Spindletop, but this is near Tulsa OK, site of the 1921 riots

(Updated: 2017/2/9)

Cato free speech forum followup; “Putin-ville MD”

Here are some videos from a Cato Institute forum Feb. 3, “Will President Trump Threaten Free Speech?”  There are more details on a legacy blog here.

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Here are some videos from Centreville MD, “Putin-ville” (maybe “Doodyville 1955”), where Obama kicked the Russians out after the election. A lot of homes in the area are for sale.  Did Russians own them?  Also, there is surveying activity in the area near the Bay.  I’m not sure if the government is going to take over the estate by eminent domain and sell it to private developers. Trump-style (even though Trump has cozied up to Vladimir Putin).

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(Posted: Saturday, February 4, 2017 at 7:15 PM EST)

A little more work on my Sonata 3

I’ve made some modifications to the score set of Piano Sonata 3.

The coda to the finale has been expanded.

Referring back to the post on Jan. 28, 2016:

Between 4.10 and 4.11, there is an element 4.10a (file name “Sonata4Mov4Coda1suf”) that further prepares the final C Major pedal point by going back to a soft misterioso, 11 measures, very chromatic, in the tonalities of F minor and D minor, using earlier motives, and quoting a phrase in a piano piece played by a friend about 4 years ago,  The harmonies build toward the “Bruckner pivot” on the subdominant (with seventh and ninth chords).

The final pedal point start with the pivot, of different lengths in different voices, as the music blasts away, combining many toccata-like motives from the earlier movements, along with two motives from Bruckner (the seventh and eighth symphonies), before crashing down (always FFF) on a final interval of a major third, with which the second subject (the “Applause theme”) had started. Admittedly, this would probably sound a bit like Shostakovich if orchestrated (with lots of brass and drums in the closing measures).  The final C Major chord, FFF, is staccato, allowed to reverberate.

There is also a passage, D3prep (in E Major, so to speak), that would fit as 3.75, before the reharmonization of the “religioso” in the slow movement, (D3), before the conclusion of the slow movement (E-flat minor).

(Posted: Friday, February 3, 2017 at 12: 15 AM EST)

Psalm 133 was an early compostion of mine; the words get used in Trump’s inaugural speech

In his Inauguration speech, president Donald Trump said “The Bible tells us how good and pleasant it is when people live together in unity.” That is Psalm 133, one of the shortest of the Psalms.

As a boy, at around age 13, I had set this to music, as a hymn, rather literally phrased from the Revised Standard Version.  It is in D-flat Major.  The original handwritten may be around somewhere in “the house”.  But I had retranscribed it into Sibelius.

The PDF link and Mp3 link played on piano are here.

On the piano I started in C Major, modulated to D-flat for the portion in words, and came back to C.

I also “rescued” a juvenile Impromptu in A Minor (pdf) and (mp3).

(Posted: Monday, January 30, 2017 at 10:45 AM EST)

Small transformer fire near local businesses in northern VA might highlight power grid vulnerabilities

When I tried to go to dinner at Freddie’s Beach Bar in Crystal City in Arlington VA early this evening, I found a power outage and fire trucks on Fern St and in the alley behind the businesses.

I was told there had been a small transformer fire.

It is conceivable that these can be caused by hackers, according to Ted Koppel’s book “Lights Out”.

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(Posted: Saturday, Jan. 28, 2017 at 10 PM EST)

Cato forum today, “Populism and Nationalism in the Trump Era”

The Cato Institute held a two-part panel today, “Populism and Nationalism in the Trump Era”, link here gives the names of the speakers.

There was a presentation of a report “Stranger in my own Country: Populism and Nativism in America”.  The report had surveyed people near Pittsburgh and in Wilmington NC.  There is a general impression that Trump voters did feel left out in today’s world, and were inhibited from speaking their minds about old-fashioned values, which they see as local and related to faith and not as intrinsically hateful or discriminatory.  The subject of political correctness, identity politics, and campus speech codes came up. 

There was criticism of the extreme vetting and immigration suspensions being discussed now, as not likely to improve real security. 

Some survey respondents felt that Muslim immigrants did work hard but did not seem as interested in assimilating culturally as maybe was the case the past.

There was also mention of the danger of neglecting any working population too long;  history has shown that this can invite fascism and dictatorship.

In the reception afterward, I heard an account that refugee assimilation in Germany had generally gone well with few problems for hosts or volunteers, which contradicts other reports I had heard in September.

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(Posted: Wednesday, January 25, 2017 at 11:15 PM EST)

Comparative media reviews on hot topics